Nicola Sacco was born in Italy on April 22nd 1891. He immigrated to the U.S when he was 17, got married, and started a family. He was involved in left wing politics and opposed the First World War. On May 5th 1920, he and his close friend Bartolomeo Vanzetti were arrested for the murders of two men at the shoe factory where they both worked. There was no evidence against them other than a witness saying the men who did the crime “looked Italian” Sacco even had an alibi. He had a formal picture taken with his family the day of the murder in Boston. (you can check out that picture on Google or something) The men were also not fluent in English which came as a disadvantage to them in court. In 1925 a Portuguese immigrant and well known criminal confessed to both murders which he committed along with 4 other gang members. Despite this, it was too late, and both men were executed for a crime they did not commit on August 23rd 1927. That day about 250,000 people showed up for a silent protest of their unfair trial.
A Huguenot on St Bartholomew’s Day depicts a pair of young lovers in an embrace. The familiar subject is given a dramatic twist because the “embrace” is in fact an attempt by the girl to get her beloved to wear a white armband, declaring his allegiance to Roman Catholicism. The young man, true to his beliefs, gently pulls the armband off with the same hand with which he embraces the girl. The incident refers to the St. Bartholomew’s Day massacre in 1572 when French Protestants (Huguenots) were massacred in Paris, leading to other massacres elsewhere in France. A small number of Protestants escaped from the city by wearing white armbands.
The only child of Emperor Napoleon III and Eugénie, young Napoléon grew up in Britain after his father was overthrown in 1870. He was intended to marry Queen Victoria’s youngest daughter, Princess Beatrice, but he was killed in 1879 while serving in the British Army in the Anglo-Zulu War. When his body was recovered with 18 spear wounds and returned to his mother in London.